e. Scaling Graphs

We tested the performance and scaling of FV3GFS with a 10-day global forecast with a resolution of approximately 13 km (C768). As shown below, we ran scale-up tests across 9 to 144 hpc6a.48xlarge instances measuring total wall-clock times (compute + file I/O). We see the performance scales linearly to 64 instances then tapers off as we go out to 144 instances.

In the following charts we use two metrics, Simulation Speed and Cost per Simulation, we define those as follows:

  • Simulation Speed = forecast time (sec) / Compute Time (sec)
  • Cost Per Simulation ($) = Compute Time * EC2 On-Demand Compute Cost (us-east-2 pricing) * # instances

UFS Scaling Per-Node